marks the 60th anniversary of the Joint Conference of
Representatives of Political Parties and Public Organizations in North and South Korea (April North-South Joint
Conference), which was a pan-national meeting for reunification of divided Korea.
After Korea was liberated from the military occupation
of Japan in 1945, the United States drove its army into south Korea
under the mask of ¡°liberator¡±. In a machination to permanently occupy Korea, the US
brought up the Korean issue to the United Nations and railroaded a ¡°resolution¡±
for a separate election and a cook-up of a puppet regime in south Korea, which cast a dark
shadow of national and territorial division over the Korean nation that had
lived as a homogeneous nation for 5,000 years.
To cope with
the trying situation, President Kim Il
Sung put forward the line of forming a united front for grand national
unity. In March 1948, when the US was making more blunt attempt for ¡°a separate
election and separate government¡± in south Korea, he addressing the 2nd
Congress of the Workers¡¯ Party of North Korea and the 25th Meeting
of the Central Committee of the Democratic National United Front of North
Korea, put forth a policy to establish an all-Korean unified democratic
government by the Korean people¡¯s own efforts and initiated to hold a joint
conference of representatives of political parties and public organizations in
north and south Korea. He then saw to it that concrete measures were taken for
its realization. Thus, his letters and invitation cards were sent to not only
the patriotic democrats, but also the pro-US and anti-communist rightists in south Korea.
Kim Il Sung¡¯s noble idea, a large
number of representatives of political parties and social organizations of south Korea and politicians crossed the 38th
parallel drawn by the US,
northward to attend the April North-South Joint Conference held in Pyongyang from April 19 to
23 that year.
conference was participated in by 695 representatives of 56 political parties
and social organizations in the north and south Korea which had a total
membership of over 10 million, and also by overseas Koreans.
President Kim Il Sung delivered a report, The
political situation in North
Korea, at the conference. He gave a
comprehensive analysis on the political situation of the country, and
elucidated the task of the Korean people to struggle against the US imperialists¡¯ scheme of dividing Korea
and establish an all-Korean unified democratic government. His report received
full support from the participants. The conference adopted a resolution on the
political situation of Korea
and an appeal to all the Korean compatriots. They solemnly declared that the
Korean people would never recognize the puppet regime to be cooked up by a
separate election, but would establish by themselves a genuine unified
government on a democratic principle, while appealing to the whole Koreans to
turn out in the struggle to check and frustrate the separate election in
progress in south Korea under the supervision of the ¡°UN Temporary Commission
on Korea,¡± an aggressive tool of the US imperialists. The conference then
decided on the organization of a national committee of struggle against the
separate election in south
Korea and the line of its work, proposed by Kim Il Sung.
demonstrated that the political parties and social organizations in the north
and south of Korea, though they were different in their political views and
class stands, can successfully unite with each other based on the common
national idea in the struggle to achieve reunification and independence of
Korea, and vigorously carry out a nationwide struggle to check the national
division and establish an independent unified government by dint of the great
unity of the nation.
President Kim Il Sung¡¯s lofty idea of national
reunification is brilliantly succeeded by leader Kim Jong Il.
After Kim Il Sung¡¯s demise (July 8, 1994), Kim Jong Il made public work Let
Us Carry Out the Great Leader Kim Il Sung¡¯s Instructions for National
Reunification, on August 4, 1997, in which he expressed his will to
unchangeably inherit and carry out the President¡¯s instructions to the last.
His iron will
and courageous determination enabled the first inter-Korean summit meeting in
the 55-year-long history of national division to be held in Pyongyang in June 2000 and adopt the historic
June 15 North-South Joint Declaration. With this as a momentum, the
reunification movement of the Korean nation has met a new turning point and the
hostile and confrontational north-south relations of dozens of years have
switched to the ¡°by-our-nation-itself¡± one.
last year witnessed another inter-Korean summit meeting in Pyongyang
and the adoption of the ¡°Declaration for Development of North-South Relations
and Peace and Prosperity¡± that provided the Korean nation with a more concrete
and detailed milestone for Korea¡¯s
reality in the Korean
Peninsula that shows a
stronger tendency towards reunification reminds people of the exploits of
President Kim Il Sung who created a
good tradition of great national unity.
The day of national reunification, the wish of the
President, will soon break.